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R – Packages
These instructions are not for RStudio using VDI. If you are using VDI, see RStudio Server VDI docs.
When loading R from the Lmod system, 100s of common packages have already been installed. The list is available here. However, if you need to install new packages locally, the process is fairly straight-forward.
See also: R – Basics
Prerequisite: Create a directory for your R package installs
Before attempting to install your own R packages, you will first need to create a directory for your local R package installs to live in. You’ll only need to do this once for each version of R you use. This is the path you will then point the
R_LIBS_USER variable to.
mkdir -pv ~/apps/R_version
It’s highly recommended that you “tag” your package folder with the specific version of R you are using to install them, so that you don’t risk in future to forget and accidentally use the packages you are installing with a different version of R.
Prerequisite: Understanding the R_LIBS_USER environment variable
R_LIBS_USER environment variable is used by R to determine where packages you install should be located when the
install.packages() function is called and when you later use them. It is set using:
Note: You can also add this to you .bashrc if you wish, but we recommend calling this directly after loading the module in your scripts or when running R interactively. This ensures that your local library is the first one checked by R for installs and libraries..
Installing Packages and Running R
To install packages, you will need to load an R module, set your
R_LIBS_USER variable, and run R. We recommend choosing a specific R module rather than simply using
module load R. Look up available R modules here: https://portal.rc.fas.harvard.edu/apps/modules/R. Example:
module load R/3.5.1-fasrc01 export R_LIBS_USER=$HOME/apps/R_3.5.1:$R_LIBS_USER R
Now when you use R’s
install.packages() function, the package will be installed in the specified directory.
install.packages("ape") (You will be asked to pick a mirror site to download from)
install.packages("ape", repos="http://cran.r-project.org") (You can also specify a mirror)
In this example, submit an interactive job, load modules, link the appropriate path for your R packages, start the R shell, and finally install R packages.
[user@rclogin ~]$ salloc -p test -t 60 -n1 --mem 4000 [user@computenode ~]$ module load R/3.5.1-fasrc01 [user@computenode ~]$ mkdir -pv ~/apps/R_3.5.1 mkdir: created directory ‘/n/home00/user/apps’ mkdir: created directory ‘/n/home00/user/apps/R_3.5.1’ [user@computenode ~]$ export R_LIBS_USER=$HOME/apps/R_3.5.1:$R_LIBS_USER [user@computenode ~]$ R --quiet > install.packages('ape',repos="http://cran.r-project.org") Installing package into ‘/n/home00/user/apps/R_3.5.1’ trying URL 'http://cran.r-project.org/src/contrib/ape_5.2.tar.gz' Content type 'application/x-gzip' length 790069 bytes (771 KB) ==================================================downloaded 771 KB * installing *source* package ‘ape’ ... ... omitted output ... ** testing if installed package can be loaded * DONE (ape)
Installing sp, rgdal, rgeos, and sf
Packages in R
List of available packages in the R-project repository.
To see the installed packages in the R shell:
> installed.packages() ... Version Priority ADGofTest "0.3" NA AnDE "1.0" NA BB "2014.1-1" NA Brobdingnag "1.2-4" NA CpGassoc "2.11" NA DBI "0.2-7" NA DEoptimR "1.0-1" NA Defaults "1.1-1" NA FNN "1.1" NA Formula "1.1-1" NA ... omitted output ... spatial "7.3-8" "recommended" splines "3.1.0" "base" stats "3.1.0" "base" stats4 "3.1.0" "base" survival "2.37-7" "recommended" tcltk "3.1.0" "base" tools "3.1.0" "base" utils "3.1.0" "base"
R parallel packages
In the FASRC Github documentation, you can find a brief explanation about parallel R packages and a few examples of:
- Dealing with large datasets
- Single-node, multi-core (shared memory)
- Multi-node, distributed memory
- Hybrid: Multi-node + shared-memory
Some R packages have lots of dependencies and/or require additional software to be installed in the cluster (e.g. protobuf, geojsonio). Properly configuring these installs with R can become problematic. To overcome that, we documented how to install R packages within a Singularity container.
Interacting with the module system from R
Inside your R session you can interact with the module system by using the module function provided by the script in /n/helmod/apps/lmod/7.7.32/init/R.
[user@boslogin02 ~]$ srun --pty -t 60 --mem 2000 -p test /bin/bash [user@holy7c19316 scratch]$ module load R/3.5.1-fasrc01 [user@holy7c19316 scratch]$ R --quiet \> source("/n/helmod/apps/lmod/7.7.32/init/R") > module('load','bcftools') \> ...omitted lot of output ... \> system('bcftools --version') \> bcftools 1.5 \> Using htslib 1.5
Bookmarkable Section Links
- 1 Prerequisite: Create a directory for your R package installs
- 2 Prerequisite: Understanding the R_LIBS_USER environment variable
- 3 Installing Packages and Running R
- 4 Packages in R
- 5 Interacting with the module system from R